Abraham was about 130 years old when he married Keturah, a woman scripture calls a “concubine,” and whose name means “incense or perfumed.”

God’s promise of nation building continued through him, with Jokshan, through his sons Sheba and Dedan, giving birth to the ancient peoples of Saudi Arabia.

Midian’s sons, interestingly enough, gave birth to the Bedouin tribes of the Saudi peninsula.


The King James Bible says “Abraham gave up the ghost,” a phrase I love. But the better translation is found in the ESV with “he breathed his last.”

Isaac and Ishmael performed funeral and burial services for their father, entombing him with his wife Sarah.

God fulfilled his promise to Hagar by making Ishmael a great nation. Listed are his 12 sons, and in the future the blood lines of Esau will marry into Ishmael’s family.


Isaac was 40 when he married Rebekah, who was most likely a teenager.

While Rebekah was pregnant, two nations were prophesied to be in her womb, with the younger being said to ultimately pull himself over the older.


Esau was a manly man right out of central casting—fit, capable outdoors, and a blessing to his father. He was also a great cook.

Jacob, the house loving momma’s boy, was the younger twin, a bit of schemer, and capable in the kitchen as well.

Over time Jacob looked for opportunity to steal the firstborn blessing from Esau, and that day arrived unexpectedly when Esau came home exhausted from working outside.

House boy knew it, so he baited Esau.

The Hebrew text is earthy, and I love it, because I can hear his voice.

Esau literally said, “Let me gulp down some of this red stuff, for I am famished.” (Special thanks to Robert Alter)

It was a daring move by Jacob, and a damning comment by Esau. Spiritual privileges are never to be thrown away and considered worthless.

Esau played the fool, by selling his birthright for a simple meal, he took divine blessing and contaminated himself, and his bloodline as well.

His kin, known as the Edomites, will eventually become wicked idolaters.

A famine is coming, and Isaac will now have to decide whether to trust God, or lose faith.